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(November 29, 2011 - Insidermedicine) 


From Sweden, autoimmune disorder patients who have been admitted to hospital are at an increased risk of having a pulmonary embolism. The researchers from Lund University in Sweden looked at over 500,000 autoimune hospital admissions and noted a 6-fold increase in risk of pulmonary embolism within the following year. The research suggests that prophylaxis could be warranted in these patients.


From Palo Alto, researchers studying Timothy Syndrome brains may have unlocked potential clues as to how autism miswires the brain. Timothy Syndrome is a very rare genetic disease whose sufferers exhibit autism-like symptoms. The current research out of Stanford, in following only a single gene mutation, has made it possible to better track specific causal mechanisms within brain cells that may explain autistic behaviour.


And finally, from Baltimore, hypoglossal nerve stimulation may be a viable alternative to continuous positive airway pressure in managing obstructive sleep apnea. Researchers from Johns Hopkins examined the effectiveness of this novel treatment for  increasing airflow without rousing patients from sleep. The effectiveness of continuous positive airway pressure is often undermined by low patient adherence.