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In the mid-1990s, the MQM-Altaf was heavily involved in the widespread political violence that wracked Pakistan's southern Sindh province, particularly Karachi, the port city that is the country's commercial capital. MQM-A militants fought government forces, breakaway MQM factions, and militants from other ethnic-based movements. In the mid-1990s, the US State Department, Amnesty International, and others accused the MQM-A and a rival faction of summary killings, torture, and other abuses (see, eg, AI 1 Feb 1996; US DOS Feb 1996). References US Department of State (US DOS). "Foreign Terrorist Organizations" (23 May 2003), www.state.gov [Accessed 6 Feb 2004] US Department of State (US DOS). COUNTRY REPORTS ON HUMAN RIGHTS PRACTICES FOR 1998, "Pakistan" (Feb 1999), www.state.gov [Accessed 6 Feb 2004] US Department of State (US DOS). COUNTRY REPORTS ON HUMAN RIGHTS PRACTICES FOR 1996, "Pakistan" (Feb 1997), www.state.gov [Accessed 6 Feb 2004] US Department of State (US DOS). COUNTRY REPORTS ON HUMAN RIGHTS PRACTICES FOR 1995, "Pakistan" (Feb 1996), dosfan.lib.uic.edu [Accessed 6 Feb 2004] US Department of State (US DOS). COUNTRY REPORTS ON HUMAN RIGHTS PRACTICES FOR 1994, "Pakistan" (Feb 1995), dosfan.lib.uic.edu [Accessed 6 Feb 2004] US Department of State (US DOS). COUNTRY REPORTS ON HUMAN RIGHTS PRACTICES FOR 1991, "Pakistan" (Feb 1992). US Department of State (US DOS). COUNTRY REPORTS ON HUMAN RIGHTS PRACTICES FOR 1990, "Pakistan" (Feb 1991). Source: UNHCR www.unhcr.org